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The basic method for converting decimal to octal numbers involves repeated division by 8. The remainders at each step of the process are the digits of the octal number. The method is more easily demonstrated than described. So let’s convert 244_{10} to octal form:

FIRST STEP: Divide 244 by 8; obtain the first quotient and first remainder:

1stquotient →
30
, r = 4 = 1stremainder
8)244

SECOND STEP: Divide the first quotient by 8; obtain the second quotient and second remainder:

2ndquotient →
3
, r = 6 = 2ndremainder
8)30
, r = 4 = 1stremainder
8)244

THIRD STEP: Divide the second quotient by 8; obtain the third quotient and third remainder:

3rdquotient →
0
, r = 3 = 3rdremainder
8)3
, r = 6 = 2ndremainder
8)30
, r = 4 = 1stremainder
8)244

Since the third quotient is 0, the conversion is finished. The remainders, written in the reverse of the order in which they were obtained, are the digits of the octal form of 244_{10}. Therefore,